One possible future for open science is the broadening and democratizing of the peer review process. Certainly, more web-based tools are coming available that enable greater public participation in establishing the “truth” of web content – and not just scientific findings. Their arrival is of great interest not only to information professionals but also, indeed, to any consumer of content on the internet. One such tool is Hypothes.is, open‐source software that allows users to annotate anything found online without fear that the content owner can revise or remove the comment (Giles 46). Hypothes.is inventor Dan Whaley calls it “the Internet, peer reviewed” (qtd. in Giles 46).
Another possible future is that high-impact journals may become involved primarily after the peer review process is complete, collecting what are deemed by the peer reviewers (which may be the public) to be the most valuable articles. Publishing them formally at such a point in the cycle might retain the notion of an impact factor, still important to many authors, while also meeting some of the demands of open science, namely transparency and open collaboration.
Giles, J. “Truth Goggles.” New Scientist 15 Sept. 2012: 44‐47. Print. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21528821.700-reality-checker-how-to-cut-nonsense-from-the-net.html